> Iran’s nuclear program – How is it going to end?
For many years, the problem of Iran’s nuclear program has sought the attention of world leaders and in particular of the nuclear powers, whether signatory or not, to the nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty. It has constantly aroused a lot of political activity around itself. The international issue falls into a crisis stage from time to time and most definitely promises to be a headline on a regular basis for some time to come. The issue is almost central to the nuclear NPT as the fate of the same depends on the outcome of Iran’s persistence and adamancy. It is extremely political in nature as many countries are involved in trying to prevent Iran from having its program while Iran refuses to budge. Most of the apprehensions about Iran’s nuclear program stem from the fact that eventually, Iran will go the North Korea way. If and so anything like this happens, it will prove to be a huge blow to the treaty.
Further, it may give rise to a newer probability of growth of even more nuclear programs among more Asian, African and Latin American countries. The more the number of countries with nuclear capabilities, higher the chances of these things getting into the hands of international terrorism. This makes it even more important to resolve this issue by the means of peaceful talks.
Therefore, it is not much of a surprise that almost all high profile international talks and meetings have this issue right on the top of their list of priorities. There have been many symposiums, discussions, conferences. Almost three decades have passed since Iran came forward with plans of having a nuclear program with nuclear energy in mind. Since then, a lot has changed within the program itself. The first Iranian nuclear power plant came up in Bushehr, which was completed with the help of Russian scientists. The power plant was inaugurated on August 21, 2010 much to the dislike of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in neighboring Israel. In the year 2007, Iran declared the start of construction of a new project near the city Kum. Inauguration was planned for the year 2011. Iranian President Ahmadinejad had announced in 2006 that Iran had achieved the capabilities and facilities to enrich uranium.
The international community, demanding immediate suspension of their nuclear program, imposed a series of sanctions on Iran. Until today, the Security Council of the UN has passed seven different resolutions on Iran. There have been mixed reactions as well with some countries like Russia and China, deciding to be not so severe on Iran as compared with France, Germany and most importantly the US. Many controversies have also taken birth, some suggesting that the international reaction to Iran’s nuclear program is over-exaggerated. Anonymous sources have even challenged the accuracy of intelligence provided by the US to the International Atomic Energy Agency.
The majority of Iranians support their own country’s nuclear program. India, historically an ally of Iran, has found it very difficult to take a definite stand on this issue, especially because of the recent rapid development of ties with the US. Despite the fact that India expressed concern over the development of nuclear arms in Iran, it continues to negotiate on the proposed India-Pakistan-Iran gas pipeline. Majority of the member countries of the Non-Aligned Movement have stood by Iran and have supported their civil nuclear program.
With all these things in mind, it does seem that the problem of Iran’s nuclear program will continue to bag main stage, until; a mutual compromise is made between the two sides of the conflict. Both, the existing Economic crisis all over the world and Iran’s fight against the adversities of resistance; remain the two unsolved problems for the international community.